The Belfast Agreement, also known as the Good Friday Agreement, is a significant peace agreement signed on April 10, 1998, in Belfast, Northern Ireland. This agreement was a result of intense negotiations between the British and Irish governments, as well as the political parties of Northern Ireland, to end the decades-long conflict in the region.

The agreement consists of three key strands: political, security, and justice. The political strand establishes a power-sharing executive and assembly in Northern Ireland with provisions for cross-community voting and mutual respect for the traditions of both communities. The security strand aims to make Northern Ireland a safer place by promoting security normalization and dismantling paramilitary groups. The justice strand ensures that human rights are protected and upheld in Northern Ireland.

Apart from these three strands, the agreement also addresses issues such as the release of prisoners, policing, and weaponry. The agreement was ratified by a referendum in both Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, with over 70% of voters in both regions supporting it.

The signing of the Belfast Agreement marked a significant shift in the political landscape of Northern Ireland, ending the violence that had defined the region for decades. The agreement has since played a crucial role in consolidating peace, stability, and progress across Northern Ireland.

Overall, the Belfast Agreement is a monumental achievement in Northern Irish politics, representing a milestone in the efforts to achieve peace and reconciliation in the region. It has been praised by leaders and individuals worldwide for its efforts in promoting a lasting and peaceful resolution to a long-standing conflict.